The Supreme Court Rules that ADEA Applies to All Government Levels
In October 2018, the Supreme Court reached a decision that made the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) cover a broad scope of state and local employment. The ADEA prohibits age discrimination against employees who are 40 or older, making it illegal for certain size businesses.
Prior to the ruling, state and local governments that employed 20 or less employees could lay-off or terminate employees based on age without facing any repercussions.
The Case that Changed the Application of the ADEA
In the case Mount Lemmon Fire District v. Guido, U.S., No. 17-587 two firefighters brought a case against the Mount Lemmon, Arizona, Fire District based on age discrimination. Their ages were 46 and 54 and they alleged that the fire department laid them off based on age. The defense did not deny that age was the reason but instead argued that the anti-age discrimination law didn’t apply to them because they had too few employees.
The court decided that the intent of the law was not to clarify but to add the category of “a state or political subdivision of a state” as being subject to the ADEA. As a result, state and local governments irrespective of their size must follow the Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
ADEA Claims and Predictions
Currently, approximately 22 percent of claims filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) are age discrimination claims. In addition, an increasing number of employees, who are older than 67 are continuing to work. This fact indicates that age discrimination claims are likely to remain a major focus for the EEOC.
Do You Have Questions about Employment Law?
Keeping up with changing laws is vitally important for operating a business in today’s world.
If you have questions, our attorneys at Stephen Hans & Associates are glad to advise regarding your concerns or represent you in employment related disputes.